2022 Autism Research Continued

This week, I am continuing our discussion of some of the 2022 research that provided me with new insights into the many facets of autism. The science of Autism is constantly evolving.  

Parental Genetics  

  • Integration of environmental factors and genetics is recommended to allow for a more comprehensive understanding of ASD and its impact on individuals over the course of their lives.  

Environmental Factors  

  • Studies indicate that females diagnosed with ASD have a greater chance for genetic mutations.  
  • Females with ASD are more likely to camouflage their symptoms in order to fit in with children whose development is typical. This makes it more difficult to provide early diagnosis and treatment options.  

Underserved Communities  

  • Racial and ethnic biases that exist both in research and patient care can hinder swift ASD diagnosis and intervention among often unrepresented populations.  
  • Parent training is being developed to be culturally adapted and delivered by physicians who have a strong background in the needs of specific cultural groups.  
  • More intense community engagement and a focus on inclusion is needed to serve a wide range of individuals with autism and their families.  

Disorders Associated with ASD  

  • Genetic markers often associated with ASD are also tied to developmental conditions such as ADHD, intellectual disability, and obesity.  
  • Individuals diagnosed with ASD have a greater likelihood of developing anxiety, GI issues, epilepsy.  
  • 18% of the general population is affected by anxiety. 40% of children with Autism and 50% of adults with Autism experience some sort of anxiety disorder.
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